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Bonsai Tree Care Basics

Taking care of a Bonsai tree is not a hard task as is commonly thought. Since this tree is grown in small pots, only a few steps need to be followed when watering, repotting, and fertilizing. When compared to the average indoor plant, the Bonsai trees are more delicate, but a few basic rules should be enough guide for anyone to take care of the tree properly.

Watering
Watering is the most critical care and maintenance practice for your Bonsai tree. How often a tree must be watered on several factors such as the species of the tree, the size of the pot and tree, the time of the year and the soil mixture. As such, it is therefore not possible to determine how often you should water your Bonsai, but the following should offer you a guideline on how to go about it.

Water your trees when the soil gets slightly dry. This means that you should not water the tree when the soil is still wet but when it feels slightly dry. Never have a habit of watering the plant. Keep watching the trees individually instead of watering them on a regular basis, until you are exactly sure of the work you are doing.
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It is important that you ensure that you are using the right soil mix. The rate at which trees should be watered is in a great way influenced by the soil mixture. A mixture that retains more water should be used when you can’t water the plants regularly.
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Applying Fertilizer
Fertilizing regularly during the growth period is essential for the Bonsai to survive. It is not recommended to fertilize trees that have been re-potted for close to a month and also those trees that have a disease.

Repot the Bonsai
To avoid an instance of having a tree being pot-bound and eventually starving to death, it is important that it is regularly re-potted. By re-potting, you are allowing the Bonsai to acquire new nutrients that it requires to keep flourishing. The frequency of re-potting a Bonsai depends on the size of the pot, and the tree species. Fast growing trees need to be repotted every two years while the older and more mature ones are repotted every three to five years. Repotting shouldn’t be done on a routine but instead, one should check on the tress every early spring by carefully removing from the pot. Bonsai trees are repotted when the roots begin to circle the root system. When the roots are still contained in the soil, you should wait for another year before repotting. Early spring is an ideal time for repotting when the tree is still in its dormancy.